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 My research (Everything about Tanzania) includes citation

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Sarah_kajomle
عضو مميز
عضو مميز


المساهمات : 32
تاريخ التسجيل : 12/11/2010
العمر : 27
الموقع : N/A

مُساهمةموضوع: My research (Everything about Tanzania) includes citation   الجمعة نوفمبر 12, 2010 10:06 am

السلا عليكم و رحمة الله ة بركاته
هذا بحث عن تنزانيا
كتبته بنفسي
مصادر البحث و المراجع متوفرة اتمنى يفيدكم اذا كان من ضمن اهتمامتكم و اتمنى انه محد ينقله بدون اذن
Outline:

• A brief introduction to the country, such as the country’s location, ethnic makeup, economy, etc. (Use the state guide template as source and point of reference).
• A brief summary of the country’s history, including any pre-colonial societies, periods of colonization, and the process of political independence.
• A report on the environmental conditions in the country, including any major environmental problems such as deforestation, pollution, global warming, etc.
• A discussion of how globalization, or at least one category of globalization, has affected that country.









Tanzania is southern Africa and it is surrounded by many neighboring states like Uganda ,Kenya, Zambia, Mozambique, Rwanda , and it’s a republic governmental system Jakaya kikwete is the head of state of Tanzania and ,he is born on( October 7,1950). He is a Tanzanian politician and kikwete was born in mosongo, bagamoyo district . The name Tanzania is a portmanteau of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. The two states united in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which later the same year was renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.
The total population is about 40,213,160 million. Official languages are Kiswahili or as they say Swahili, kiungua ,English ,Arabic. Arabic is widely spoken in Zanzibar. However major religions are Christian 30% and Muslims 35% other beliefs 35% ,but in Zanzibar 99% are Muslims and ,most of them talks Arabic.
Tanzania enjoys good relations with its neighbors in the region and in recent years has been an active participant in efforts to promote the peaceful resolution of disputes. Tanzania is helping to broker peace talks to end conflict in Burundi and supports the Lusaka agreement concerning the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The state has had good relations with the Peoples Republic of China over the past 30 years, recently receiving the Chinese president (February 2009). This relationship is linked with bi-lateral co-operation including a railway project on the Tanzanian mainland. Main partners are south Africa, china ,India UAE ,US, Kenya and many others.
Tanzania even if it’s a very poor country ,but it is a national resource of the most expensive gold and diamond that are not found anywhere but Tanzania. In addition major exportable items in the country are gold, cotton, coffee, and also other manufacturing goods. Tanzania joined the World Bank in 1963. Since then the bank has stepped forward for reducing poverty and maintaining higher economic growth. It is also a member of trade organizations like AU and WTO.

Tanzania has joined the united nation in 14 Dec 1961,and that was after colonization Tanzania was occupied by Germany from 1880 to 1919. From 1919 to 1961 Tanzania went under the rule of the British. However in 1961 Tanganyika became independent. During 1880-1919 Dutch, Belgian, British and French ships visited the port of Zanzibar . In fact Africa was divided into colonies- Congo River region was a colony under the Belgians; East Africa was shared between the Germans and the British. Zanzibar Island was called German East Africa. In course of time the local people rose into rebellion against the Germans for their atrocities. By December 1917, the Germans were to made to evacuate Tanganyika and the Zanzibar island. After World War I Tanganyika was occupied by the British and became a British mandate. In addition Tanganyika gained its freedom from British rule in 1961. In 1963 Zanzibar became independent. In 1964 Republic of Tanzania was formed by the union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar Island.
Tanzania had many signatories hoping that it will help the countries problems like poverty and many dangerous sickness, however the state is a signatory to many conventions like convention of the right of the child and human right and it is a member of the Kyoto protocol in 26 August 2002.
Zanzibar today refers to the island of that name, also known as Unguja, and the neighboring island of Pemba. Both islands fell under Portuguese domination in the 16th and early 17th centuries but were retaken by Omani Arabs in the early 18th century. The height of Arab rule came during the reign of Sultan Seyyid Said, who moved his capital from Muscat to Zanzibar, established a ruling Arab elite, and encouraged the development of clove plantations, using the island's slave labor. Zanzibar and Pemba were world-famous for their trade in spices and became known as the Spice Islands; in the early 20th century, they produced approximately 90% of the world's supply of cloves. Zanzibar was also a major transit point in the East African and Indian Ocean slave trade.
Zanzibar attracted ships from as far away as the United States, which established a consulate in 1833. The United Kingdom's early interest in Zanzibar was motivated by both commerce and the determination to end the slave trade. In 1822, the British signed the first of a series of treaties with Sultan Said to curb this trade, but not until 1876 was the sale of slaves finally prohibited. The Helgoland-Zanzibar Treaty of 1890 made Zanzibar and Pemba a British protectorate, and the Caprivi Strip in Namibia became a German protectorate. British rule through a Sultan remained largely unchanged from the late 19th century until 1957, when elections were held for a largely advisory Legislative Council.
Tanzania is one of the world's poorest countries. Consequently, people are left to solve their own social problems. In the 1980s and 1990s, government services were cut back, leading to a rise in illiteracy, health risks for rural mothers and children, and neglect of roads. Men now look for work in South Africa, leaving their wives as the sole family provider. Many girls leave school early to find work or help the family. As conditions deteriorate in rural areas, urbanization speeds up. Squatter villages surround Dar es Salaam, adding to water pollution and unsanitary conditions. Large influxes of Mozambican, Rwandan, and Burundian refugees have put added stress on Tanzania's natural and financial resources. Issues that are currently effecting the country are poverty, spread of aids, pollution, food and waterborne diseases .
Globalization effected Tanzania in a very positive way, in many globalization concepts especially economically ,many countries are trying to improve and help Tanzanian people ,and give them money ,books, and also health care by transportation which also includes globalization concepts. Because of globalization many families in Tanzania are still alive and healthy because of international programs that are made especially for them.



Citation:-
http://cia.gov/libarary/publication/the-world-factbook/geos/tz.html
http://www.worldaatlas.com
http://encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3435900486.html.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ethnic
http://leat.or.tz/publications/decentralization/1.3.env.problems.php
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/list
http://www.google.com
all sources are reliable . Articles ,books etc.
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My research (Everything about Tanzania) includes citation
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